BAMBOO EXTRACT FOR SMOOTHER, STRONGER HAIR

Bamboo extract has excellent moisturising properties and a high silica content, improving suppleness, shine and strength of the hair matrix.

Bamboo extract also contains compounds known as bamboo shoot peptide that increases blood flow, angiotensin converting enzyme that acts as an antioxidant.

Packed with nutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin E, vitamin A, vitamin B6, thiamine, niacin and 18 amino acids, and fatty acids, bamboo extract provides a cocktail of building blocks essential for hair health.

Biomedical investigations of the benefits and toxic effects of the bamboo plant have been carried out globally since the 1960s.  There are a wide range of documented protective effects of bamboo extract such as increased blood circulation and protection against oxidative stress, inflammation.

BAMBOO EXTRACT IS AN EXCELLENT HYDRATOR

Bamboo extract is made up of around 70% silica, an essential component of hyaluronic acid.  Hyaluronic acid is a structure made up of repeating disaccharide units that uses silica as a biological cross-linking agent.

Hyaluronic acid is formed in the plasma membrane and can be very large with 20,000 disaccharide components.

High levels of hyaluronic acid helps to prevent moisture loss from the dermis.  It is also critical for the collagen structure, acting as a glue to maintain strength and flexibility.

Hyaluronic acid provides an open hydrated matrix, directed migration and control of related cell mechanisms are mediated via the specific cell interaction between hyaluronic acid and cell surface hyaluronic acid receptors.

Silica functions as the only cross linking agent that can bind units of hyualuronic acid together to form hyaluronic acid of a higher molecular weight.  High hyaluronic acid content is frequently seen in areas of proliferation and migration with hyaluronic acids opening up the space for cell growth and expansion and the creation of hydrated pathways.  The decrease of hyaluronic acid induces premature terminal differentiation.

In the hair follicle this translates to high levels of hyaluronic acid contributing to  increased multiplication of keratin cells and the supported migration and maturation of keratin cells which keep the cell in anagen (growth) phase.

Low levels of hyaluronic acid induces premature termination of the hair growth cycle and keratin cells enter into telogen (resting) phase.  When hyaluronic acid in the dermis and epidermis is low, hair will feel dry (coarse) and the hair matrix will be thin or brittle.

Hyaluronic acid, like the keratin cells of the hair follicle, is vulnerable to oxidative degradation.

BAMBOO EXTRACT CONTAINS ANTIOXIDANTS THAT REDUCE OXIDATIVE DAMAGE

Bamboo extract contains number of antioxidants that reduce reactive oxidative species in the hair matrix including: caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, vitexin, homoorientin and p-coumaric acid. Caffeic acid and cholorogenic acid have the strongest total antioxidant activity.

It is well known that oxidative damage to cells caused by reactive oxygen species (or free radicals) such as superoxide, hydroxyl and proxy radicals in the human body triggers chronic diseases and accelerates the ageing process.  Reactive oxygen species are highly reactive molecules that can directly damage proteins, lipid and DNA.  Oxidative stress results in premature ageing of any cell.  In the hair this manifests as greying, slow growing hair or hair loss.

The human body has several antioxidant defence systems that are able to repair oxidative damage for protection against free radicals, but when cell antioxidant mechanisms are overrun, there may be a shift towards oxidative stress.  Antioxidants in bamboo extract neutralise reactive species by donating hydrogen atoms from phenolic hydroxyl groups.

In a study carried out by the National Institutes of Health, it was found that bamboo shavings provided a protective effect by preventing inflammation and oxidative stress  They found that bamboo extract could act as natural antioxidants in light of their potent antioxidant activities [2].

BAMBOO EXTRACT INCREASES BLOOD CIRCULATION TO THE HAIR FOLLICLE 

Bamboo extract contains angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, this enzyme is involved in a number of blood pressure regulating mechanisms.  Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors help relax blood vessels and allow greater blood flow by reducing the ability of angiotensin converting enzyme to produce angiotensin II, a substance that narrows and constricts blood vessels.

Preventing constriction of blood vessels promotes blood flow to the hair follicle. The hair follicle relies on an adequate blood supply for the exchange of nutrients and waste.  The local microcirculation delivers vital components for cell functions such as glucose and oxygen and removes substances that would cause harm to the cell.

THE FINAL WORD

Bamboo extract is a powerful substance that can increase hydration and the hydrodynamic activities that keep the hair fibre smooth, strong and healthy.

REFERENCES

  1. Schwarz, K., 1973. A bound form of silicon in glycosaminoglycans and polyuronides. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 70(5), pp.1608-1612.
  2. Gong, J., Huang, J., Xiao, G., Chen, F., Lee, B., Ge, Q., You, Y., Liu, S. and Zhang, Y., 2016. Antioxidant capacities of fractions of bamboo shaving extract and their antioxidant components. Molecules, 21(8), p.996.

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